Monday, May 26, 2014

Brief History of Napoleon Bonaparte in the Regency Era by Suzi Love

Brief History of Napoleon Bonaparte in the Regency Era 

by Suzi Love

A brief history of Napoleon Bonaparte, one of the greatest military leaders in history. 
While he was emperor of France, Napoleon conquered much of Europe and often battled the British. 

Napoleon therefore often features in our Regency Era historical  romances and many of our romance heroes are either spies against Napoleon and his armies, or have returned to England after one of the many battles. 

  • 1769  Born Corsica to gentry family, educated military school
  • 1790s Rapid promotions
  • 1796  Became commander of the French army in Italy
  • 1798  Conquered Ottoman-ruled Egypt to strike at British trade with India.
  • 1798  Returned to Paris where government was in crisis
  • 1799  Became first consul
  • 1800  Attempted assassination by infernal machine
  • 1802  Vice-President of Italian Republic
  • 1802  First Consul for life
  • 1803  Civil Code, later Code Napoléon, decreed and war with England
  • 1804  Crowned Empereur des Francais

  • 1805  Crosses the Rhine and the Battle of Trafalgar

  • 1808  Conferences Napoleon, Alexander, and German Sovereigns
  • 1809  Relatives and loyalists installed Holland, Westphalia, Italy, Naples, Spain, and Sweden
  • 1810  Childless marriage to Josephine de Beauharnais annulled

  • 1811  Son of Napoleon born
  • 1812  Enters Moscow in September, commences retreat in October.
  • 1812  Arrives in Paris in December
  • 1813  Defeats Russians and Prussians at Lutzen and Bautzen

  • 1813  Defeats allies at Dresden but is beaten at Leipsic
  • 1814  Battles of Montmirail, Vauchamps and Montereau.
  • 1814  First Treaty of Paris
  • 1814  Senate declare dethronement of Napoleon and he abdicates
  • 1814  Lands at Elba.
  • 1815  Escapes Elba, lands near Cannes, and enters Paris.

  • 1815  Battles of Ligny, Quatre Bras and Waterloo

  • 1815  Surrenders to English and imprisoned St. Helena
  • 1821  Died at St Helena
  • 1840  Body of Napoleon disentombed and placed in Invalides

So what do you think about Napoleon and his grandiose dreams? 
Do you see him as a madman dictator, 
or as a patriot who stepped up during a chaotic situation but became obsessed 
with seeing his country survive, 
expand, and conquer? 

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Maggi Andersen said...

Thanks for the interesting post, Suzi. Napoleon wrought such appalling devastation, his army cutting a swathe through countries, raping and looting and killing. The number of lives lost, villages wiped out, horses killed, makes him every bit as evil as Hitler. Interesting too, that Hitler made the same mistake marching his troupes into Russia in Winter.
It was rumored Napoleon was poisoned while living on St. Helena.

Venetia Green said...

While researching my current book, I came up with an interesting theory to explain the high levels of arsenic identified in hair samples from the great man: toxic green wallpaper! Apparently a lovely emerald green (or should I say 'poison green') dye often used in wallpaper was produced by an arsenic based compound which could, if damp, effectively gas someone confined to a room thus papered!
Disappointingly, it seems more likely he died of stomach cancer.

Marianne Theresa said...

Wonderful History info and details Thanks Suzi. M